Zorbey Uyanık - 24/02/2022
This article is written for the armed Ukrainians.
“All courses of action are risky, so prudence is not in avoiding danger (it's impossible), but calculating risk and acting decisively. Make mistakes of ambition and not mistakes of sloth. Develop the strength to do bold things, not the strength to suffer.” -Niccolò Machiavelli
I shall not begin by expounding a pedantic, literary definition of war, but go straight to the heart of the matter, to the duel. War is nothing but a duel on a larger scale. Countless duels go to make up war, but a picture of it as a whole can be formed by imagining a pair of wrestlers. Each tries through physical force to compel the other to do his will; his immediate aim is to throw his opponent in order to make him incapable of further resistance.
War is thus an act of force to compel our enemy to do our will.
Force, to counter opposing force, equips itself with the inventions of art and science. Attached to force are certain self-imposed, imperceptible limita- tions hardly worth mentioning, known as international law and custom, but they scarcely weaken it. Force-that is, physical force, for moral force has no existence save as expressed in the state and the law-is thus the means of war; to impose our will on the enemy is its object. To secure that object we must render the enemy powerless; and that, in theory, is the true aim of warfare. That aim takes the place of the object, discarding it as something not actually part of war itself. (On War - Clausewitz)
My aim is to provide necessary information to the Ukrainian people, who are in danger of war. I will use sources that I consider important. You have to fight for your freedom, not just you, we all have to fight for our freedom.
There is one thing we are aware of; your anger will not punish you. Be aware of the requirements and know what you are fighting for.
A resistance that can be organize and sustained early in the occupation has the best chance of surviving. It must be organized before the enemy can institute the block control system In cities, and while some unrestricted movement is possible in the country areas. Further it must be remembered that the most successful guerrilla movements have always been based on areas that are isolated by terrain, poor roads and bad weather. Operations within a city are difficult.
The Warsaw uprising was an exception and this was possible because of ghetto conditions that will not be found in other cities. Even there, the real effectiveness of the uprising was destroyed when it was tricke into premature attacks on the Germans, while the Russians awaited the mutual destruction of both adversaries.
I. Formation of Guerilla Units
The necessity of a total war against the Russians is discussed. But I assume we are all aware of the possible consequences of war. Of course, the Ukrainian people will fight, but it is imperative to think about the post-war period.
1. General Requirements
In the guerrilla war, it is not the strength of the employed units and the mas of their weapons that give success, but the inner strength of the guerrillas, their daring, craftiness and ingenuity in exploiting all favors of the terrain and helpful means. When forming and reinforcing guerrilla units, consideration must be taken of these factors. Suitable are volunteers, who, besides enthusiasm and willingness, have to doggedness, toughness and ingenuity needed. Gaps in their military training can be closed.
The variety of tasks performed by a guerrilla unit makes its necessary that it not only include good soldiers, but also men with technical and practical skills, and such with political and propagandistic abilities.
The correct choice and training of the leaders is of decisive importance. The leader of a guerrilla unit should be demanding of himself and others, when conducting his mission. On the other hand, he must provide never-ending concern for the welfare of his men, thus maintaining the battle-worthiness of his unit.
His daringness as a combatant, his leadership success and his unconditional fairness must waken confidence. Confidence is the fundamental of leadership in guerrilla units.
The authority of the leader rests solely on his personality, not on rank and insignia.
The leader of a guerrilla unit carries a high measure of responsibility. He has the same rights as the commander of an independently operating battleship, and he may impose any punishment-even death-to keep up discipline.
Besides military proficiency and personality, a feeling for political and propagandistic possibilities is of high value for the leader of a guerrilla unit.
3. The Men
The guerrilla must be an excellent soldier and unite the capabilities of an infantryman with those of an engineer. Furthermore, his mission requires from him a close relationship to nature, frugality and ingenuity in the exploitation of all means and makeshifts available. Through his behavior towards the population, he must win the confidence and respect of all freedom-loving people. Weaklings and traitors must fear him lie the plague.
It is important that a large number of the men know the operational area and are in command of the language of the country, yes ever of the local dialect.
Acquiring and training radio operators in due time must not be neglected in any case. Even women may be suitable.
4. Order of Battle
The strength of the guerrilla unit must adjust itself to the enemy situation, the mission and the terrain. In areas under tight observation and with insufficient cover and concealment, it is only possible too operate in smaller-size groups, which, at the utmost, may temporarily be united for a common mission.
In sparsely occupied areas, or terrain with good possibilities for cover and concealment, stronger units can hold themselves. But even these units must always be structured into groups and platoons.
The smallest independently operating unit is the guerrilla group. It consists of 1 leader and 4 guerrillas. Under difficult circumstances and for special tasks, reconnaissance or destruction missions, even smaller guerrilla teams may be employed.
Formation of stronger groups is of doubtful usefulness. The guerrilla platoon consists of several guerrilla groups and a command squad with an overall strength of 10 leaders and 40 guerrillas. Guerrilla platoons are to be employed where terrain and the enemy situation permit it. In especially favorable situations, for example in poorly secured, densely wooded, or mountainous areas, and when the guerrilla unit's effect on the situation in the operational area has progressed sufficiently, guerrilla task forces, which consist of several platoons, are to be formed.
The following assignments of command tasks has proven itself effective for larger guerrilla platoons and guerrilla task forces:
b) Leader of the reconnaissance service and the command squad
c) Leader for political questions
d) Leader of the signals squad
e) Weapons and material warder
f) Doctor or medical orderly
h) Mess sergeant and accountant
In smaller guerrilla platoons, several tasks must be united. A back-up must be named and instructed in the tasks, so that casualties do not cause interruptions. When the guerrilla warfare has grown to have even greater importance in an area, a local secret command staff must be set up. Liaison officers are to be attached to it.
The armament of the guerrilla units must be light. It must not hinder maneuverability, but on the other hand should enable a destructive firepower on worthwhile close range targets. In the guerrilla group some of the guerrillas must therefore be equipped with lightweight automatic weapons, the rest being equipped with rifles. Pistols and daggers may also be of value.
Hand grenades are indispensable. Additionally, depending upon the mission, explosives are added to the equipment. It is very advantageous to use a silenced weapon and to have a sniper rifle. Also some of the weapons should be equipped with luminous sights.
It may become necessary to equip the guerrilla platoon with several machine guns and bazookas for certain missions. Especially in the mountains, it is advantageous to take along mortars. Depending upon the situation and the mission, guerrilla task forces rats carry heavier high angle- and anti-tank weapons.
A uniform caliber of the armament is important because of ammunition resupply. Especially suited are all weapons with calibers that are common in the operational area.
Supplementation and replacement of arms through procurement of enemy weapons is always a good policy. In difficult supply situations, raids to obtain weapons and ammunition must be conducted.
The equipment of the guerrilla soldier and the whole guerrilla unit must be adapted to the circumstances and the situation in the operational area. It must be so light that maneuverability is mot restricted. Annex I may serve as a guideline.
It is best to carry the most necessary equipment pieces directly on the body, so that the guerrilla is still combat ready after losing our having to temporarily hide his rucksack.
All pieces of equipment that are not constantly carried along must be hidden in concealed caches in the operational area. Suitable waterproof containers are needed therefore.
The clothing must be adapted to the climate of the operational area, the task, and the duration of the mission. The people of Ukraine should not arbitrarily wear clothes during all these processes. The clothes in their hands should be evaluated in the best way according to the climatic conditions.
Good infantry training is of great value to the guerrilla. Where it is lacking, the most important branches must be taught to the men:
-Weapons training, marksmanship, utilization of the terrain and combat training, close-quarter battle with and without weapons, close-quarter tank destruction and guerrilla battle techniques in squad, group and platoon formations must be taught.
Furthermore, engineer training is necessary to the extent that each guerrilla has a basic knowledge of installing barriers and obstacles, and can work with demolitions. As many guerrillas as possible must be instructed in the special filed of destruction and sabotage techniques.
A practical instruction in first aid is indispensable because of the possibility of becoming wounded.
The following principles must be held as valid for all training phases:
-All branches must be adapted to the special requirements of guerrilla warfare, living in the field and night combat. Everything not necessary must be dispensed with. Important aspects must be repeated again and again. It is more important to maximize maneuverability, the capability to adapt, the ingenuity and the ''hunter'' instinct, than it is to drill the men.
2. Utilization of Terrain and Camouflage
Proper utilization of the terrain and camouflage will enable one to find concealment from the enemy in order to receive, dupe and surprise him. One must offer only the very smallest and poorly visible target possible, in case of discovery. Camouflage against air view must never be forgotten.
Utilization of the terrain requires the skillful use of all possibilities of cover and concealment, and consideration of the color of the black-and underground.
Sunlight and shadows must also be considered. The guerrilla must always be intent on offering only a small target. Camouflage is achieved by adapting to the surroundings with the help of natural and artificial means and by avoiding noticeable movements.
The following points concerning cover an concealment must be remembered:
a) Cover for campsites, halt- and rest areas during the march and when advancing is offered by: mountains, hills, buyers, valleys, gulches, forests, hedges, bushes, cornfields, houses, barns, walls, fences, ditches, dirt piles etc.
The guerrilla sneaking up on enemy guards must make use of even the smallest depression, furrow, dirt- and rock-pile, mole mound and grass bundle for cover and concealment (Picture 1).
b) Consideration of the color of the back- and underground is necessary: for example, the grey-green uniform offers no camouflage against light yellow-colored sand. Especially to be considered is the contour against the sky which the guerrilla offers to the eye of the enemy when advancing over hills and even the smallest elevations. This contour effect is not only a give-away at daytime, but also during bright nights.
d) The guerrilla must always take care that he offers only as small a target as possible (Picture 4).
e) The most important natural camouflage means are: small trees, twigs, grass, moss, wheat, herbs, leaves etc.
Face and hands must be subdued with dirt, soot or grease paint: in the winter, with blackboard chalk or flour. When camouflaging campsites, it is advisable to replant small trees, bushes grass and moss. The camouflage thus becomes more natural and does not wither as fast.
Questions and Answers
1. Who should take part in a guerrilla unit?
Primarily only young men who are firm in their convictions, cautious in their dealings, have proven their spirit of self-sacrifice, personal courage, patriotism, and great dedication to the cause of the folk should take part in a guerrilla war.
2. What should be done before attacking from a tunnel?
If it is not possible to achieve a surprise attack, an intense psychological campaign should be carried out making use of emissaries, wives of the besieged, local bigwigs, and enemy prisoners taken in previous attacks.
3. How can you make a hand grenade?
Take an empty condensed milk can, dry it thoroughly inside, put in a dynamite cap and nails or small pieces of iron, press smoothly so no sparks are produced, and be careful not to jar or hit it. Continue inserting other dynamite caps and more shrapnel, tamping gently each time until the can is full. A wooden or metal cover is then placed over the can after the contents have been compressed as much as possible. The cover should be pierced to all a fuse with a percussion cap at its end to make contact with the dynamite in the grenade.
4. What precautions must we have before attacking a village?
In order to attack a village we must know first all the details about it. Some of the most important details will be:
Where the primary cellular towers are, and if they have any guard.
Where the nearest electrical substation is, and it's defenses.
The size, response time and armaments of the local police and fire department.
The location of the nearest national guard barracks and armory.
Whether or not there are troops guarding communication centers.
If there are no troops to guard them, where (how far) is the closest communication center.
How many civilians have rifles.
Names of traitors and executioners, domiciles of the best known oppressors oof patriotic and revolutionary agents.
Location of the railway or road bridges closest to the village and size of the guard.
Distance to the closest airfield.
Timetable of trains passing through the village and of trucks or buses of lines regularly serving the town.
Analysis of the topography of the local area and all other useful data that could possibly be collected.
Once the information has been gathered, the data should go into the Staff department(Operations), which will prepare plans for the assault based on the information received. Assaults are possible without all these requirements, but this is the technical approach that willl give us the highest probability of success.
Getting Birds Without Guns
Game birds such as ptarmigan and grouse promise feasts for anybody lost in the wilderness, especially as a few stones or sticks are often the only weapon needed. If one misses the first time, such for usually will afford a second and even a third try. When they do fly, they generally go only short distances and may be successfully followed, particularly if this is one casually and dat such a tangent that it would seem that one were going to stroll on past.
Any bird, as a matter of fact, will furnish good eating in an emergency. The only difference is that some are tenderer, plumper and to different palates better flavored than others. Colonies afford particular opportunities. Even the riper eggs often obtainable should not be overlooked when one needs food.
This is a very broad topic. That's why I won't go into more detail. First of all you have a painful process ahead of you. If you are not ready, it may cost your life.
Most sources have been combined in this article.
NOTE: Note: The views expressed on misesenstitusu.com are not necessarily those of the Mises Institute.